DIFFERNCE BETWEEN OOP AND POP :
Both are programming processes whereas OOP stands for “Object Oriented Programming” and POP stands for “Procedure Oriented Programming”. Both are programming languages that use high-level programming to solve a problem but using different approaches. These approaches in technical terms are known as programming paradigms. A programmer can take different approaches to write a program because there’s no direct approach to solve a particular problem. This is where programming languages come to the picture. A program makes it easy to resolve the problem using just the right approach or you can say ‘paradigm’. Object-oriented programming and procedure-oriented programming are two such paradigms.
What is Object Oriented Programming (OOP)?
OOP is a high-level programming language where a program is divided into small chunks called objects using the object-oriented model, hence the name. This paradigm is based on objects and classes.
- Object – An object is basically a self-contained entity that accumulates both data and procedures to manipulate the data. Objects are merely instances of classes.
- Class – A class, in simple terms, is a blueprint of an object which defines all the common properties of one or more objects that are associated with it. A class can be used to define multiple objects within a program.
The OOP paradigm mainly eyes on the data rather than the algorithm to create modules by dividing a program into data and functions that are bundled within the objects. The modules cannot be modified when a new object is added restricting any non-member function access to the data. Methods are the only way to assess the data.
Objects can communicate with each other through same member functions. This process is known as message passing. This anonymity among the objects is what makes the program secure. A programmer can create a new object from the already existing objects by taking most of its features thus making the program easy to implement and modify.
What is Procedure Oriented Programming (POP)?
POP follows a step-by-step approach to break down a task into a collection of variables and routines (or subroutines) through a sequence of instructions. Each step is carried out in order in a systematic manner so that a computer can understand what to do. The program is divided into small parts called functions and then it follows a series of computational steps to be carried out in order.
It follows a top-down approach to actually solve a problem, hence the name. Procedures correspond to functions and each function has its own purpose. Dividing the program into functions is the key to procedural programming. So a number of different functions are written in order to accomplish the tasks.
Initially, all the computer programs are procedural or let’s say, in the initial stage. So you need to feed the computer with a set of instructions on how to move from one code to another thereby accomplishing the task. As most of the functions share global data, they move independently around the system from function to function, thus making the program vulnerable. These basic flaws gave rise to the concept of object-oriented programming which is more secure.